[Updated March 2020 to reflect the recent bust in crude prices. More below.] There is widespread disagreement when we will reach peak oil. Some very smart folks were predicting we had reached oil years ago. That was before the boom brought by shale oil and gas. What is clear is that we will producing oil for many years. Unfortunately, it is equally clear that the industry built on piles of debt is finally facing its day of reckoning.
Readers of this blog know that for years we have been publishing stories of bankruptcies in the shale industry. First it was low price, then fears that there was too much debt in the industry. Today it is coronavirus but unless prices jump dramatically and quickly, we see another big shakeout in the industry.
There is nothing wrong with investing in the energy sector. Unlike some industries, however, it seems like virtually everybody makes money in shale oil and gas except the investors.
If you bought into shale bonds and other energy sector investments on your own and without help from a broker, you are responsible for those decisions. We hope you are one of the few that made money. Many people, however, bought because of advice from stockbrokers and investment advisers. That too is okay if you told your broker that you were willing to accept high risk and weren’t dependent on your investments to fund retirement.
Once again, we are seeing claims from elderly investors, investors nearing retirement and investors more interested in preservation of capital than high risk being sold junk shale bonds.
Why? In many instances, brokers worried about losing customers to other investments. So when an investor said he or she wanted high yield, the broker sold them junk quality bonds without warning them of the risks and volatility.
Stockbrokers, investment advisers and their employers have an obligation to make “suitable” investment recommendations. Brokers who violate these suitability rules can be held responsible for their customers’ losses.
Industry publication oilprice.com expressed it best,
“As many company executives who hoped to drill their way out of debt are belatedly discovering, trying to squeeze a profit from shale-fracking operations is akin to trying to draw blood from stone with the industry having racked up cumulative losses estimated at more than a quarter of a trillion dollars.”
The Collapse of Chesapeake Energy and Whiting Petroleum
One of the early pioneers and leaders of the shale revolution, Chesapeake Energy is on the verge of collapse. A stock that was once almost $67 per share is today trading at 45 cents. It hit its lowest price in 26 years last week. The company announced in November that it may not be a going concern unless oil prices rebound significantly. With coronavirus reducing fuel demands, a price rebound doesn’t seem likely in the near term.
Another example is Whiting Petroleum. Its stock price was riding high in 2014, $353 per share. Last week it closed under $3, a loss of over 99%. It’s not just the stock price. In an effort to raise capital, Whiting sold shale bonds with a 6.25% yield. Recently those bonds were selling at steep discounts.
Once again. If your broker made all the right disclosures and recommended these to you knowing that you understood the risks, that is probably okay. Investors are telling us something entirely different, however.
March 2020 Updates
Coronavirus and the Collapse of Oil and Gas Stocks
What a difference a day makes. Just a couple weeks ago we were discussing the drop in price of Whiting Petroleum stock prices from $353 per share to just $3. Today (March 9th) the price is 80 cents. What happened?
As I write this update, the barrel price of crude is $27.34. That is one of the largest one day drops ever. Many oil companies need a price of at least $40 per barrel to break even.
Coronavirus put a big dent in travel. Cruise ships aren’t sailing and airlines are scrambling to cut flights. The impact of coronavirus alone was enough to cause panic in the market. This weekend things got much work.
What started out as a routine OPEC meeting ended up in an all out price war between Russia and Saudi Arabia. Although we have plenty of oil, both countries are big producers. And because they are cutting prices, the worldwide price of crude has dropped by about 25% in just hours.
That spells disaster for shale oil producers.
According to Fox News report, the price drop couldn’t come at a worse time for U.S. oil companies. Over the next 2 years, some $140,000,000,000.00 in debt is coming due for U.S. shale oil producers. That means lots of bankruptcies and huge investor losses.
Even if cooler heads prevail and OPEC can agree to production cuts, the demand for oil remains soft for crude oil because of coronavirus.
We have always recommended that investors be wary of oil and gas investments. These investments are great for institutional investors and those that don’t mind high risk. They are not suitable for those on fixed income, nearing retirement or needing access to their money. They are simply too volatile.
Many brokers peddled shale bonds and preferred shares because of the high returns they paid. Occidental Petroleum preferred stock pays an 8% dividend. Over the last few days, however, Oxy’s common stock dropped by 53%.
Prices will surely rebound but that rebound may not be nearly enough to prevent investors from losing much or all of their oil and gas investments.
To learn more about how to recover your shale bond and oil junk bond losses, visit our oil and gas loss recovery page. Ready to see if you have a case? Contact us online, by email or phone (202) 800-9791. Case accepted nationwide. Most cases accepted on a contingency fee basis. All inquiries are confidential and without obligation.