The South Miami Hospital has agreed to pay approximately $12 million to settle charges that it violated the federal False Claims Act. Prosecutors say the nonprofit hospital submitted claims to Medicare for medically unnecessary pacemaker surgeries and cardiac electrophysiology studies. The fraud was tied to a single physician, Dr. John Dylewski.
False Claims Act Case against South Miami Hospital
The case against the hospital was originally filed by two whistleblowers in June of 2014. Drs. James Burks and James Daevnport both worked at the hospital. While there, they claim they witnessed Dr. Dylewski “unnecessarily performing a variety of surgical and invasive procedures including, among others, electrophysiology studies, atrioventricular optimizations, placement and replacement of pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillators, and automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillators, syncopes, and atrial fibrillation/pulmonary vein ablations. The sole purpose of this practice of performing multiple procedures where at best only one procedure was clinically indicated was to submit additional bills to Medicare for these additional procedures.”
Like most whistleblowers, the two physicians complained internally before filing a whistleblower case. Only after their pleas were ignored did they file a False Claims Act complaint. Apparently, they were not the only ones to complain. The two say that “multiple other physicians and staff” complained to the hospital yet no meaningful action was taken.
The two physicians say the abuse went on for at least 7 year before hey filed a False Claims Act lawsuit (also called a qui tam suit) in federal court to stop the fraud.
According to their lawsuit, Dr. Dylewski’s illegal conduct included:
- ordering and performing suboptimal medical procedures which fail to completely repair the medical issues presented,
- intentionally requiring the patient to undergo multiple surgical and medical procedures,
- to inflate the surgical and medical fees and reimbursements, along with the related hospital and anesthesiology fees and reimbursements by the federal government.
They also say that the hospital was an active participant in the fraud.
South Miami Hospital Settles for $12 Million
South Miami Hospital agreed to settle the charges for approximately $12 million. Dr. Dylewski has not yet settled.
Prior to settlement, the hospital attempted to dismiss the complaint saying that it was “long on adjectives about Dr. Dylewski’s alleged procedures, but short on the particularized facts” about the hospital. Dr. Dylewski also tried to dismiss the claims saying, the complaint needlessly harmed his “good will and reputation” as a board certified nationally recognized and honored, clinical cardiac electrophysiologist.
Both motions to dismiss were denied earlier this year. The hospital subsequently settled but Dr. Dylewski has not. The hospital admitted no wrongdoing as part of the settlement.
In announcing the settlement, Miami’s U.S. Attorney, Wilfredo Ferrer said, “This settlement shows our continued resolve to pursue institutional providers who turn a blind eye to the systematic overutilization of medical procedures and inflated billing practices resulting in significantly increased costs to the federal government.”
A Department of Health and Human Services special agent was blunter, “Performing medically unnecessary heart procedures is shocking to the conscience. Conducting cardiac catheterizations purely for profit, not patient care, seriously breaches the ‘do no harm’ commitment physicians pledge. Together with our law enforcement partners, we will seek out, stop these practices and protect the Medicare patients who are victimized by physicians participating in these schemes.”
Whistleblowers to Receive $2,478,500
Under the federal False Claims Act, whistleblowers with inside information about fraud involving federal healthcare programs are eligible for an award. The Justice Department says that Dr. Burks and Dr. Davenport will split an award of $2,478,500.
To earn a whistleblower award, one must have original source or inside knowledge of the misconduct. That misconduct must involve a federal program or tax dollars.
To be eligible for an award, one must first file a lawsuit in federal court. The contents of the lawsuit and even its existence are placed under seal meaning they are kept secret to allow prosecutors to investigate the claim. Ultimately, either the Justice Department or whistleblower’s own lawyer can prosecute the claim. When that decision is made, the complaint becomes public.
This case is significant for several reasons. First, the case shows that the Justice Department is willing to go after nonprofits.
The case also demonstrates the government’s willingness to look for deep pockets such as the hospital. If they believed that Dr. Dylewski was committing a fraud and both turned a blind eye and profited from the misconduct, the hospital becomes just as liable as the Dylewski.
Finally, the case is a reminder that Medicare fraud is not a victimless crime. Drs. Davenport and Burks say patients received substandard care and were sometimes subjected to invasive cardiac procedures.
MahanyLaw – False Claims Act Lawyers
The whistleblower lawyers at MahanyLaw have helped clients collect tens of millions of dollars in awards. Our consultations are always confidential and you never owe legal fees unless we first recover money for you.
For more information, contact attorney Brian Mahany at or by telephone at (414) 704-6731 (direct). You can also view our downloadable 11 step guide for whistleblowers.
MahanyLaw – America’s Medicare Fraud Whistleblower Lawyers